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ERIC Number: ED091646
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Apr
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Client-Therapist Complementarity and Therapeutic Outcome.
Dietzel, C. S.; Abeles, Norman
One hundred twenty tape recorded psychotherapy sessions representing early, middle, and late interviews with 20 clients were studied. Clients were divided into successful (N-10) and unsuccessful outcome (N-10) groups on the basis of clinicians' ratings of pre- and post-MMPI data. Raters scored the response units of clients and therapists and labeled as complementary the following elicitation-response sequences: Dominance followed by submissive behavior; submissive behavior followed by dominance; friendliness followed by friendliness; and hostility followed by hostility. Comparisons between outcome groups showed no differences in therapist complementarity during the early stage (as predicted); a significantly lower level of therapist complementarity for the successful group during the middle stage (contrary to prediction). Furthermore, during the early stage of therapy more disturbed clients elicited greater therapist complementarity (as predicted). Two significant points are: (1) No single level of therapist complementarity is associated with successful, as opposed to unsuccessful, outcome; and (2) The therapeutic timing of complementarity levels is crucial to facilitate constructive client change. (Author/PC)
Dr. Sam Dietzel, Counseling and Testing Center, University of Vermont, 146 S. William Street, Burlington, Vermont 05401
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A