ERIC Number: ED091468
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: N/A
Effects of Race of Successful Peer Models on Academic Expectations and Performance of Black and White Students.
Bridgeman, Brent; Burbach, Harold J.
This experiment was designed to assess whether the expected and actual performance of black and white students on an academic task would be differentially affected by the race of the successful models observed. Since males and females might not be equally influenced by the modeling effects, separate analyses were planned for males and females of each race. The null hypotheses tested were that within each of the four groups students who observe black students as the most successful expect to, and actually do, receive the same scores as students who observe white students as the most successful. The subjects were all of the available fifth-grade students from two grade schools, one school from each of two mid-sized central Virginia cities. Subjects were shown one of two video tapes of other students working on an academic task. On one tape two black students were congratulated by the teacher for having gotten the best score, while on the other tape two white students were congratulated. Planned comparisons indicated that black males who viewed the video tape of blacks succeeding expected, and actually did, score higher than black males who observed white students succeeding. All other comparisons were not significant. (Author/JM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Virginia