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ERIC Number: ED091445
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973
Pages: 6
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Validity of Direct-Observation in Assessment of Clinical Skills.
Finkel, A.; Norman, G. R.
Two modes of evaluation are compared: the summary evaluation by supervisors performed at six-month intervals, and the technique of direct observation of a clinical encounter through one-way glass. The sample consists of 17 residents in pediatrics who were evaluated, using both methods, over an eight-month interval. The analysis of data indicates that the reliability of the direct observation technique is acceptable, in contrast to the low reliability of the supervisor's assessment. A positive correlation exists between evaluations obtained from each method, suggesting that the two methods are measuring the same behaviors, but the results are not significant, probably because of the low reliability of the supervisor's assessment. Finally, both methods showed the expected change with educational level, with the direct observation scores displaying a change of two to three times the supervisor's assessments. The results indicate that the method of direct observation is a more reliable and valid assessment technique than the assessment by supervisors. The implications of this conclusion are discussed. (Author/BB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada