ERIC Number: ED091121
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973
Reference Count: N/A
The Role of Settlement Schools in Southern Appalachia.
The paper was a preliminary study of the role of settlement schools in Southern Appalachia. A settlement school was defined as a nonprofit private institution which has a relationship with the community or county in which it is located. The manner in which the school was founded gives some insight into the relationship between the school, the local community, and Southern Appalachia. How, and by whom, the school was governed was also indicative of the attitude of those involved with the school. In addition, the composition of the faculty and student body reflected the objectives of the school. The paper gave the history of many settlement schools, both nondenominational and church-supported. Sources of support came from a variety of areas. Fund-raising efforts seem to have concentrated in the Northeast. Local support generally came in the form of land, labor, supplies, and produce, although many of the schools were also supported by churches and religious organizations. The goals were reflected in curricular and extracurricular activities--some courses were specifically related to the region; many had vocational and work programs. Since their inception, however, settlement schools have changed--the growth of the public school systems has forced them to reevaluate their situations. Some have closed; others have eliminated their traditional academic programs. To accomodate these changes, it was recommended that the settlement schools of Southern Appalachia reassess their validity for the directions the region is moving. They will have to become more involved with their communities and the region in general. (KM)
Descriptors: Ancillary Services, Area Studies, Attitudes, Change Agents, Community Centers, Community Programs, Community Role, Financial Support, History, Objectives, Parochial Schools, Private School Aid, Private Schools, Public Schools, Research Projects, Rural Areas, School Community Relationship, School Districts, School Role, Settlement Houses
Berea College Appalachian Center, College Box 2336, Berea, KY 40403 ($2.00)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Berea Coll., KY.