ERIC Number: ED091095
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-May
Reference Count: 0
Outdoor Education and its Contributions to Environmental Quality. A Research Analysis.
Vogl, Robert L.; Vogl, Sonia
Increased environmental problems indicate a need for educational programs to meet the goals of environmental quality. Such programs would stress ecological concepts, appreciation for the outdoors, knowledge of appropriate outdoor recreation activities, an understanding of the interrelationships between nature and humanity, the development of positive attitudes toward the natural and man-made world, and the ability for citizens to work together democratically to solve environmental problems. The programs should be interdisciplinary and contribute to the goal of understanding, appreciating, and preserving the environment. They would be directed toward all age levels, from pre-school through adult. The outdoor education movement has long served as a valuable means of implementing the goals of environmental quality. Experiences in school camping, school site development, beautification, ecological studies, outdoor recreation activities, and citizen action have helped to produce environmentally-aware citizens. Outdoor education is shown as an educational innovation, and guidelines are provided for its inclusion in a school curriculum, and for specific aspects of outdoor education programs. Evaluative studies of outdoor education are presented, with 18 recommendations for future directions which environmentally-focused outdoor education may follow. (Author/KM)
Descriptors: Activism, Change Agents, Community Involvement, Curriculum Development, Educational Development, Environmental Education, Information Needs, Motivation, Natural Resources, Outdoor Education, Problems, Program Development, Program Evaluation, Recreational Activities
National Educational Laboratory Publishers, Inc., 813 Airport Boulevard, Austin, TX 78702 (Stock No. EC-012, $2.25)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, Las Cruces, NM.