ERIC Number: ED090848
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: N/A
The Impact of College Upon Social Characteristics and Attitudes of Students Enrolled in Three Predominantly Black Colleges.
Nelsen, Edward A.; Uhl, Norman P.
The study was designed to assess the impact of three predominantly black colleges upon Family Independence (FI), Peer Independence (PI), Liberalism (L), Social Conscience (SC), and Cultural Sophistication (CS), as defined and measured according to the College Student Questionnaires (CSQ). The CSQs were administered to students as entering freshmen (T1), end-of-year freshmen (T2), and graduating seniors (T3). Of 1,058 students who completed both administrations as freshmen, 334 also completed the scales as seniors. The College x Sex x Time repeated measures MANOVA analyses revealed overall gains on all five scales. A significant Sex x Time interaction indicated that PI scores for males increased, while females' PI scores decreased, during the freshmen year. There were trends in the reverse direction during the subsequent years. Significant College x Time interactions were found for FI and CS. The three way interactions were significant for L and CS. The results were interpreted as indicating that students who attended these predominantly black colleges developed greater self-reliance and autonomy and broadened and interests in political, social, and cultural affairs. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A