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ERIC Number: ED090485
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Apr
Pages: 36
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Social Class Differences in Reinforcer Effectiveness.
Schultz, Charles B.; Sherman, Roger H.
Over 60 studies which manipulated social class and type of reinforcement were examined to determine the extent of their support for the views that: (1) social classes differ in reinforcer preferences; and (2) social class differences can be attributed to the different cognitive-social developmental levels of the two populations. Although evidence to support both contentions exists and has been widely cited, there is, in fact, abundant counter evidence including failures to replicate important supportive studies. The developmental explanation is marred by findings of inconsistent age trends and by theoretical difficulties such as imprecise definitions of the stages of reinforcer preferences and the role of cognitive processes in the shift from one stage to another. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (59th Chicago, Illinois, April 1974)