ERIC Number: ED090349
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Mar-7
Reference Count: N/A
Problems of the Upward Bound Program in Preparing Disadvantaged Students for a Postsecondary Education. Report to the Congress.
Comptroller General of the U.S., Washington, DC.
The General Accounting Office (GAO) undertook this review to test the effectiveness of the Upward Bound program, which is administered by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare's (HEW) Office of Education (OE). This program was designed to provide low income students who are potentially successful but inadequately trained, with skills and motivation necessary to succeed in education beyond high school. The program is supposed to correct these students' faulty academic preparation by providing remedial instruction, altered curriculums, tutoring, cultural exposure, and encouragement. From 1965 through fiscal year 1973, about 206 million dollars was obligated for grants to and contracts with institutions of higher education and other qualifying public and private organizations for planning, developing, or carrying out this program. GAO reviewed 15 projects in Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Massachusetts, Nevada, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont that had obligated 12.1 million dollars through June 30, 1972. Although Upward Bound might be motivating students to enroll in college, OE does not know how effective the program has been in achieving its goals of equipping students with the academic skills and motivation necessary for success in college. Available data indicates that the program apparently has not achieved this goal. In terms of college retention and graduation, Upward Bound has been substantially less effective than indicated by earlier research studies and OE's annual evaluation report to the Congress. (Author/JM)
Descriptors: College Admission, College Bound Students, College Preparation, Compensatory Education, Cultural Enrichment, Curriculum Development, Disadvantaged Youth, High School Graduates, Higher Education, Low Income, Post High School Guidance, Postsecondary Education, Program Evaluation, Remedial Instruction, Tutoring
General Accounting Office, Room 6417, 441 G Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20548 (B-164031(1); $1.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Comptroller General of the U.S., Washington, DC.