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ERIC Number: ED090043
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973
Pages: 114
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Effect of a Structured Problem-Solving Process on the Problem-Solving Ability of Capable But Poorly Prepared College Freshmen in Mathematics.
Leggette, Earl Charles
The purpose of this study was to determine whether a greater increase in problem-solving ability of capable but poorly prepared college freshmen in a modern mathematics program occurs when students are taught to use discovery techniques. Two experimental and two control groups were formed from 70 college freshmen; two instructors were each randomly assigned to one experimental and one control group. The experimental groups were exposed to a three-hour week of instruction in the problem-solving process as a concept on the use of heuristics. During this week, the students were required to write out the complete analysis of the solution to the problems. This initial week was followed by an eight-week reinforcement period using the problem-solving approach to teaching mathematics. The control groups followed normally scheduled class procedures. The Basic College Mathematics Problem-Solving Test and Aiken's Revised Mathematics Attitude Scale were administered at pre- and posttest times. An analysis of variance on the data indicated that the structured problem-solving processes using heuristics increased problem-solving skills of the experimental group more than the control group and resulted in a better attitude toward mathematics in the experimental group. (Author/JP)
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 73-32,223 MF-$4.00, Xerography-$10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A