ERIC Number: ED089133
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Reasons for Income and Employment Differentials in Chicago. Report Prepared for Illinois Institute for Social Policy.
Brunner, Gerti L.
The effect of training programs on the income and employment duration of low-income residents of Chicago has been examined through data drawn from the 1969 Urban Employment Survey, which reflects differences in such factors as age, race, sex, level of education, occupation, and industry of employment and contains information about participation in conventional and poverty-type training programs. The study indicated high correlation between income and empolyment and level of education; the earnings of blacks and of women were substantially lower than of white males (after controlling for level of educational attainment, occupation, and industry of employment). Participation in conventional and poverty-type training programs had not raised trainees' income above those of nonparticipants and had no significant effect upon employment duration. However, it cannot be concluded that participants received no benefit, since comparisons were not made for pre- and post-training earnings and employment duration. Two major areas in need of emphasis were identified as the increasing of skill levels and eliminating racial barriers to upward mobility. Thus far, training programs have not proven an adequate substitute for formal education, and further research is needed on the restructuring of school programs to increase the proportion of students completing high school. (EA)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Illinois Inst. for Social Policy, Chicago.
Authoring Institution: Rand Corp., Santa Monica, CA.
Identifiers - Location: Illinois (Chicago)