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ERIC Number: ED088950
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Nov-23
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
An Empirical Investigation of the Effects of Heterogeneous Regression Slopes in Analysis of Covariance.
Hamilton, Basil L.
The effects of violation of the assumption of homogeneity of regression on the Type I error rate and on the power of analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) were investigated. The data situations included in the study involved two groups with one covariate and one criterion, with varying equal and unequal group sizes, and varying degrees of violation of the assumption of homogeneity of regression. Results indicate that ANCOVA appeared robust to the violation of the assumption of homogeneity of regression when group sizes were equal; the technique appeared not to be robust for unequal group sizes. For equal group sizes and all slope combinations, the empirical alpha levels were near the corresponding nominal alpha levels. For unequal group sizes and unequal regression slopes, however, large discrepancies were observed between the empirical alpha levels and the corresponding nominal alpha levels. Results also indicated that the power of ANCOVA was not severely altered by heterogeneous regression slopes as long as the group sizes were equal. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A