ERIC Number: ED088755
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: N/A
How to Use Simulations. How to Do It Series, Number 26.
Zeleny, Leslie D.
One of a series of pamphlets providing practical and useful sources of classroom techniques for social studies teachers, the concern of this issue is the use of simulations, specifically focused conversations, role-playing, sociodrama, and gaming. A review of the concept of simulation is followed by a discussion of the circumstances which maximize interaction in classrooms. Teacher role, student participation, and small group dynamics are summarized into seven steps for maximum classroom interaction. Applications for both elementary and high school grades are discussed. Simulations appropriate for the needs of elementary education are observed to be those with activities emphasizing free communication, social responsibility and democratic decision-making. In the high school, it is thought that the focused conversation technique creates student interest and develops self-confidence and leadership abilities. Several examples of games used successfully in high school situations are described and the role and nature of evaluation in simulation use are reviewed. References are followed by a general bibliography and a list of publishers of games. A related document is ED 083 057. (KSM)
Descriptors: Bibliographies, Classroom Techniques, Elementary Education, Games, Group Dynamics, Interaction, Literature Reviews, Resource Materials, Role Playing, Secondary Education, Simulation, Social Studies, Teacher Effectiveness, Teaching Guides, Teaching Methods
National Council for the Social Studies, 1201 Sixteenth Street, N. W., Washington, D. C. 20036 ($.50, Quantity Discounts)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Council for the Social Studies, Washington, DC.