ERIC Number: ED088643
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
The Impact of Private Education on the Rural South.
Palmer, James M.
Since 1952, the South has experienced a remarkable growth in private schools. These new schools, because of their relationship to the desegregation of public schools, have often been dubbed "Segregation Academies". This phenomenon is quite extensive, and the evidence seems to indicate that it may well be continuing. There are 6 basic types of private (non-parochial) schools: schools for special groups; schools for the handicapped; college preparatory schools; Christian schools (non-denominational); community schools; and Segregation Academies. The Segregation Academies, predominant in the South, arose out of the desegregation movement in the early 1950's. They first played a dual role -- acting as a safety valve to prevent possible racial violence while prolonging, if not heightening, racial tensions. Since that time, these schools have flourished and appeared to have become a permanent part of southern life. Discussing this issue, the paper concludes: (1) private education in the South is a factor that must be reckoned with; (2) since these schools are not bound by tradition or bureaucracy, they may develop innovative educational models that can be used in public schools; (3) where private schools are strong in a local community, the public school may need to place a stronger emphasis on vocational curricula; (4) some type of open communication needs to be established between the public and private systems; and (5) some form of state accreditation and/or setting of educational standards should be afforded these schools. (KM)
Descriptors: Accountability, Civil Rights, Educational History, Educational Quality, Equal Education, Facilities, Parochial Schools, Private Education, Private Financial Support, Private School Aid, Private Schools, Program Effectiveness, Public Schools, Racial Integration, Regional Attitudes, Rural Education, School Desegregation
National Educational Laboratory Publishers, Inc., 813 Airport Blvd., Austin, Texas 78702 (Stock No. EC-009; $3.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools, Las Cruces, NM.