ERIC Number: ED088496
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Two Papers on Educational Innovation and Dissemination. 1. Educational Innovation: Substance and Process. 2. "Post-Sputnik" Trends in Educational Dissemination Systems.
Paisley, Matilda B.; Paisley, William J.
In the first paper of this set, a paradigm which was developed in communication and diffusion research is adapted to define the educational innovation process in the form of producer-product-dissemination-users-adoption. Dissemination and adoption are subject to a number of factors, which can be further detailed. Previously innovation was seen as a one-way flow from producer to consumer, but a deeper understanding of the process shows the influence of consumer feedback and participation in product development. Paper Two reviews the growth of educational dissemination systems which were generated by educational research and development (R&D). The atmosphere of the postwar "Big Science" knowledge explosion and the pressure put on American education by the launching of Sputnik brought about the ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center) which was modeled on the new scientific information systems. This strictly archival system proved inadequate, another formal communication method was added--a series of reports on current topics. However informal communications are also needed, in the form of "extension agents" who can mediate between ERIC and users in the field. Such a system, whether implemented nationally or locally, would make ERIC more accessible. (SL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. Inst. for Communication Research.