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ERIC Number: ED087984
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1972-Oct
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Relationship of Masculinity-Femininity to Dependency and Self-Esteem.
Kameya, Mary Morris; Nadelman, Lorraine
Unconscious masculinity-femininity, dependency and self-esteem were respectively measured, in two group-testing sessions per child, by the short form of the Franck Drawing Completion Test, the Group Personality Projective Test, and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. Subjects were 122 sixth and seventh grade white working-class boys and girls from an industrial midwestern city. Analyses for sex, grade, and school differences reveal a significant sex difference between Franck scores (which was expected) and a significant difference in self-esteem scores between the two schools, (which was unexpected). Relationships among dependency, self-esteem, and masculinity-femininity differed between sexes. For girls, there were usually low positive correlations. For boys, the relationship between self-esteem and dependency was in the hypothesized negative direction; unconscious masculinity was not related to dependency, and related to self-esteem either minimally or opposite to expectations. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Dept. of Psychology.