ERIC Number: ED087747
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1974
Reference Count: N/A
James Carter: Champion of the Normal School Movement.
Flaherty, Thomas F.; Flaherty, John J.
This paper presents a historical review of the gradual growth of interest in an establishment of legislation in Massachusetts for institutions concerned exclusively with the training of teachers. Highlighted is the activity of James G. Carter in this endeavor. The state of education at the beginning of the nineteenth century is described: private schools flourished over common schools; and people became teachers because it was easier than manual labor, because they needed employment between more lucrative positions, or because they were not fit for anything else. Carter publicized this situation, advocated a change in the caliber of common school teachers, and called for the establishment of a teacher training institution. Carter's plan for such an institution included a well-stocked library, professors skilled in their respective areas, a laboratory school, a board of commissioners, and a student teaching program. Carter's private efforts to form such an institution failed in the late 1820s, but while he was a member of the House of Representatives, his bill calling for the establishment of a board of education passed in 1837. The paper concludes with mention of Carter's victory: the establishment of normal schools for the education of teachers in 1838. (JA)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Massachusetts