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ERIC Number: ED087441
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Apr
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
PPBS And the Derivation of Cost/Effectiveness.
Worner, Roger B.
Planning-programing-budgeting systems (PPBS) have borne few of the fruits that many claimed they would. This is partly due to the five following widely held misconceptions about PPBS: 1) that PPBS is primarily concerned with budgeting; 2) that PPBS should displace instructional goals; 3) that it is not necessary to attend to all elements of PPBS; 4) that existing school programs can easily be converted to PPBS; and 5) that PPBS can be implemented in a brief period. PPBS can be successful only if school systems make operational all five critical PPBS elements by articulating program goals, specifying content, acquiring and implementing program software, assessing program effectiveness, and preparing program budgets. Only then will it be possible to test the ability of PPBS to produce cost/effectiveness data to aid in decision-making concerning the allocation of scarce educational resources. PPBS will produce cost/effectiveness data, but it will require that educators recognize the inadequacies of their planning, programing, evaluation, and budgeting systems and redevelop these elements in a manner which will permit PPBS to become a functional and operational management tool. (Author/LB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A