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ERIC Number: ED087418
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Apr
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
The Economics of Computer Aided Instruction.
Littrell, R. F.
Computer-assisted instruction (CAI) has not been cost-effective, despite its instructional effectiveness. This financial failure can be attributed to many factors, including: oversell of CAI capabilities, poorly authored content, expensive and unreliable hardware, an educational bureaucracy resistant to innovation, and the decentralized nature of American education which works against the widespread implementation of CAI systems. Educators can achieve a high level of awareness of CAI's complexity, and thereby promote its success if they take the following steps: 1) carefully assess needs and document objectives; 2) establish priorities for CAI use; 3) commit resources to CAI on a long-term basis; 4) study the appropriateness of any existing system before adopting it; 5) release faculty for program planning and development; 6) train cores of CAI specialists; 7) adjust faculty load formulas according to new needs; 8) review the impact of CAI on other aspects of the school system; 9) integrate all CAI into the total school program; 10) provide the necessary facilities to house the system; 11) offer school-wide orientation programs; 12) plan so as to avoid wasting students' time; and 13) use a team approach in implementing CAI. (PB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A