ERIC Number: ED087150
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Absence of Intervention Training Programs: Effects Upon the Severely and Profoundly Retarded, Part I: Selected Cases of Emotional and Behavioral Disturbances.
Balthazar, Earl E.; And Others
Fifteen institutionalized profoundly retarded Ss, median age 7 years, who received no intervention training program, were assessed on the Balthazar Scales of Adaptive Behavior (BSAB), Sections I and II to determine whether social coping behavior would improve spontaneous maturation during a 6-month period. The Ss were recommended by nursing personnel on the basis of greatest self destructive behavior, degree of emotional disturbance, and severity of behavioral problems. The Ss were evaluated at 3-month intervals through 12 10-minute observation sessions on the Scales of Social Adaptation (BSAB-II) and Scales of Functional Independence (BSAB-I). Data were developed for unadaptive self-directed behaviors (such as failure to respond and stereotype), unadaptive interpersonal behaviors (agression, withdrawal), adaptive interpersonal behaviors (such as non-communicative social behaviors), play activities (inappropriate and appropriate use of objects and playful contact), and response to instructions. Information was obtained on medications which the Ss were receiving at time of evaluation. Results indicated that passive and informal programing in residential settings with reliance upon tender loving care and acceptance to achieve goals such as emotional wellbeing and behavioral development did not increase change in the Ss's social coping behavior, and that the hypothesis of improvement as a result of spontaneous maturation was not supported (through a longer time period might have some effect on gains). Discontinuance of drug use for four subject resulted in no increase in unadaptive behaviors, indicating need for further investigation into actual effects of drugs on behavior. (MC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Wisconsin State Dept. of Health and Social Services, Madison.
Authoring Institution: Central Wisconsin Colony and Training School, Madison, WI.