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ERIC Number: ED086976
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Pages: 170
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
An Analysis of Male and Female Roles in Two Periods of Children's Literature.
Hillman, Judith Zoe Stevinson
In this study sex role standards attributed to characters in children's books were identified and analyzed. The sample of 120 books represented two time periods (the 1930s and the mid 1960s to 1971). The comparison between these periods indicated that the number of males was much greater than the number of females in the early period and in the recent period; the range of occupations related to males was much broader in both periods; and of the seventeen categories of behaviors and emotions, eight remained constant while nine showed significant changes with respect to sex differences. Conclusions supported by the data were (1) aspects of masculinity and feminity that conformed to stereotypic traits were more prevalent in the early period; (2) differences in sex roles became most obvious when comparing the diversity of occupations related to each sex (males were depicted in jobs associated with power and prestige while females were cast in domestic roles); and (3) females appeared to redefine their role to a greater extent than males according to the number of significant changes occuring in the categories of behavior and emotion. (Author/HOD)
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, Dissertation Copies, Post Office Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 73-25,450, MFilm $4.00, Xerography $10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Nebraska