ERIC Number: ED086797
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Preventive Dental Practices Motivational Model for Elementary Teachers in Training Institutions; Dental Health Instruction Project. Final Report.
An investigation was conducted to determine the effects of instruction upon the dental health behavior of university students. The experimental group of 68 subjects, all elementary education majors, were exposed to a three--stage dental health motivational model: Dental Health Skills Instruction (four hours of laboratory instruction), Cognitive Dental Health Instruction (three hours of classroom instruction, less formally presented), and Dental Health Affective Instruction (three hours of informal participatory instruction). Ninety control subjects, also elementary education majors, received less concentrated instruction. The Patient Hygiene Performance and the Dental Health Center Index were used to detect oral health changes, and thus, the effectiveness of the model. Results of baseline, after instruction, and follow-up examinations showed a temporary improvement in both groups after instruction, the experimental group recording more improvement: but follow-up examinations showed regression toward baseline levels and no significant difference between the two groups. The document devotes approximately twenty pages to program instructional procedures and about fifty pages to supportive education materials, including a dental skills lab manual and a self-report dental behavior inventory. Program factors and related manuscripts are also included. (AG)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institutes of Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD. Div. of Dental Health.
Authoring Institution: Ball State Univ., Muncie, IN.