ERIC Number: ED086775
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Equity for Cities in School Finance Reform: A Case for an "Equal Educational Offering" Standard in Public Education.
Silard, John; And Others
In this study, focus is upon the question of the standard for educational expenditure rather than on the alternative taxing methods for securing school district funding equalization. Chapter I begins by examining the major issues vital to urban education which the "Serrano" principle leaves unresolved. Then in Chapter II, particular elements of the greater education costs experienced by urban school systems are scrutinized. The purchasing power of a dollar in an average district may buy only fifty cents worth of educational resources in an inner-city school system. In Chapter III, the critical urban problem of underprivileged pupil populations requiring special and expensive compensatory education services is looked into. It is the authors' view that the responsibility which the Congress has assumed for the amelioration of that special problem must be greatly expanded and improved in coming years as the states undertake more general equilization of funding among their school districts. Finally, in Chapter IV, the constitutional argument for an "equal educational offering" standard in public education finance is set forth. While considerations of common sense and educational fairness are sufficient, in the authors' view, to commend that standard in any event to state legislatures all apart from the constitutional requirement, the authors also believe that in the last analysis courts can enforce that standard directly under the Constitution where state legislatures have failed to respond to rationality in public education funding. (Author/JM)
Descriptors: Compensatory Education, Costs, Economically Disadvantaged, Educational Finance, Educational Resources, Equal Education, Equalization Aid, Financial Policy, Public Policy, Resource Allocation, School District Spending, School Support, Student Needs, Supreme Court Litigation, Urban Education
Potomac Inst., Inc., 1501 Eighteenth St., N.W., Washington, D. C. 20036 ($1.50)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: New World Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Potomac Inst., Washington, DC.