ERIC Number: ED086613
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Alternatives in Education -- 54 Approaches.
Jekel, Jerome R.; Johnson, Robert E.
Fifty-four approaches identify ways by which students can learn, methods for teachers to employ, and approaches to a sequence of studies. A statement of philosophy notes the book's goal of providing a transition from individualized instruction to personalized instruction. The purpose, needs, philosophy and objectives of the open studies program demonstrate how each student is exposed to the three essentials of any educational program: self direction, decision making, and problem solving. The authors developed this open studies program for the college level, but its application extends to elementary and secondary levels. The authors present an interpretation of various taxonomies and diagram a continum for the innovative teacher. Each of the fifty-four approaches is described in a three or four page format containing a statement of purpose, approach, description, an example, procedures, hints, and evaluation. The approaches range from apprentice, behavior modification and creative dramatics approaches to independent study, media, and national projects approaches. Aside from approaches involving field trips, gaming, and interest centers, there are also those based on psychodrama, seminars, and student contract. The traditional, team teaching and thematic approaches are included along with value, vacation, and travel approaches. A related document is ED 063 752. (KSM)
Descriptors: Classification, Educational Innovation, Educational Philosophy, Elementary Education, Higher Education, Individualized Programs, Open Education, Secondary Education, Self Directed Classrooms, Student Centered Curriculum, Teaching Methods
J. R. Jekel, Mary College, Bismark, N. D. 58501 ($2.50 + $.50 handling. Discount by quantity according to individual arrangement)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A