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ERIC Number: ED086466
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Pages: 118
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Inquiry-Oriented Pictorial Riddles in Science for Educable Mentally Handicapped Children.
Shulene, John Andrew
Presented are the results found using pictorial riddles and corresponding inquiry procedures when teaching scientific information to educable mentally handicapped (EMH) students. The pictorial riddles, centered around living comfortably and safely in the physical environment, were presented to a group of 45 children (ages 7 to 16 years) enrolled in four EMH classes. All four classes were taught by the researcher and each received the experimental treatment. Pre- and posttests, the Pictorial Concept Development Test (PCDT), were prepared and administered by the researcher. No reading or writing was required of the pupils. The mean gain of the overall group was analyzed by employing a t-test for correlated samples. Analysis of variance and an F-ratio were used to analyze difference in mean gain between groups when the sample was divided by age, IQ, and sex. Analysis of data showed a significant difference at the .05 level in the students' scientific concepts as measured by the pre- and posttest scores on the PCDT. It was concluded that the pictorial riddle approach resulted in significant learning and was an effective method of helping EMH students develop scientific concepts. (Author/EB)
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 73-311 Microfilm-$4.00, Xerography-$10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ed.D. Dissertation, University of Northern Colorado