ERIC Number: ED086458
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
The Effects of Directive and Non-Directive Problem-Solving on Attitudes and Achievement of Students in a Developmental Science Course.
Strozak, Victor S.
Reported is a study comparing a directive problem-solving (teacher centered) approach and a non-directive problem-solving (student centered) approach in a community college remedial science course for freshmen. The evaluation of the two methods was based on statistical analysis of changes in achievement and in student attitude toward the course. The analysis of covariance technique, with pretest measures of achievement as covariant, was used to test the significance of differences between treatment means for standardized achievement posttests. The Pearson r was used to determine correlation between achievement and attitude variables. Students receiving the non-directive method of teaching showed statistically greater achievement at the .05 level on the standardized achievement tests. These same students did not show statistically higher scores on an attitude scale. There was a positive correlation, at the .05 level, between student achievement and student attitude toward the course for students receiving the non-directive method. Significant correlations between achievement and attitude for students receiving the directive method were also noted. (Author/EB)
Descriptors: Attitudes, College Science, Doctoral Dissertations, Educational Research, Instruction, Problem Solving, Self Directed Groups, Student Centered Curriculum, Teaching Methods
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 72-26,620 Microfilm-$4.00, Xerography-$10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, New York University