ERIC Number: ED086438
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1970-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Rural-Urban Quality Differentials in North Dakota's Public School System.
Voelker, Stanley W.; Ostenson, Thomas K.
The data compiled for the North Dakota Statewide Study of Education and analyzed in this report indicated that, on the average, North Dakota urban school districts provided a higher quality of education than do rural districts. Two approaches were used to measure the relative quality of educational systems: (1) the direct or output approach, and (2) the indirect or input approach. Data reviewed in this report provided a comparison of the results of the 2 approaches. Most of the data was assembled for the 1965-66 school year, and included 601 state school districts. On the average the urban administrators, teachers, librarians, and counselors were better trained than those in rural districts. This is to be expected since the urban districts generally pay higher salaries. Urban high schools offered a much larger number of courses to their pupils than did rural schools, especially in the prevocational, vocational, natural and social sciences, and fine arts fields. The curricula of the smaller rural high schools tended to be drab and monotonous, providing few electives for individual students. The quality of education, as indicated by average test scores, varied directly with size of the school system; that is, the larger the enrollment, the higher the quality of education, as measured by both input and output data. (FF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Economic Research Service (USDA), Washington, DC. Economic Development Div.
Authoring Institution: North Dakota State Univ., Fargo. Dept. of Agricultural Economics.
Identifiers - Location: North Dakota