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ERIC Number: ED086434
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974-Feb-26
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Educating Native American (Indians): Better Programs Needed.
Steele, Dorrance D.
The intention of this paper was to inform readers about educating Native Americans and what could be done to better meet the Indians' needs. To present this, the paper covered the history of Indian education, the present, and the future. Indians were initially educated to force them to change, assimilate, and become acculturized, rather than to learn. For example, the Indian has been told by non-Indians what to do, when to do it, how to do it, and where to go. In the year of 1568, Louis XIV stipulated that the Jesuits educate Indian children in the French manner. The Franciscans assembled the Indians around their missions and taught practical, life-sustaining skills such as farming. At the end of the 19th century, the Federal boarding school system was inagurated. This policy separated the child from his family and tribe. State involvement in Indian education began with the passage of the 1934 Johnson O'Malley Act and was later followed by other Federal programs--e.g., Public Law 874. All 3 philosophies directed themselves towards anglicizing the Indian, gearing the curriculum to middle class American society. For the future, Indian parents, as a screening committee, must look critically at the textbooks used in the school. The materials and textbooks used must reflect cultural diversity, and must emphasize the positiveness of Indian contributions to this country. Indian cultural integrity must be preserved. The tragedy that the Indian student has experienced educationally must be discontinued. (FF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the American Association of School Administrators 106th Annual Convention, Atlantic City, N.J., February 22-26, 1974