ERIC Number: ED086158
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Reference Count: 0
Adult Learner Characteristics and Their Responsiveness to Multi-Media Instructional Programs Designed for an Open University System.
Brown, Robert D.; And Others
Research investigated the relationships between the characteristics of adult learners, aged 17 to 67, and their responses to learning via multi-media instructional programs. Students read materials in accounting and psychology, viewed video lessons and listened to audio tapes; post-treatment data were then collected. Results showed that: 1) the adult learner's educational level, enjoyment of educational television, self-concept, past academic achievement and future educational plans were all positively related to his reactions to innovative techniques; 2) general interest in the lesson was related to the degree to which the learners found the material useful; 3) reactions regarding both interest and usefulness varied for different subjects and different instructional formats; and 4) achievement of posttests was related to different learner characteristics for different subjects. It was concluded that adult learners reacted positively to the mediated approaches, but that both subject matter and personal characteristics influenced achievement and student acceptance. This suggested that the design of instructional meterials for adults in an open learning system will need to consider the subject matter at hand, as well as the specific nature of the target population, their interests and their backgrounds. (Author/LB)
Descriptors: Accounting, Adult Education, Adult Learning, Adult Programs, Adult Students, Audiotape Recordings, Educational Research, Educational Television, Evaluation, External Degree Programs, Higher Education, Individual Characteristics, Instructional Design, Instructional Materials, Multimedia Instruction, Open Education, Open Universities, Psychology, Student Attitudes
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. State Univ. of Nebraska.
Note: See also IR 000 003