ERIC Number: ED086033
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-May-11
Reference Count: 0
Teaching the Cultural Context of ESL Classes.
Condon, Elaine C.
This paper makes a case for bi-culturative education as part of English-as-a-second-language programs. This calls for systematically teaching alternatives to the native cultural patterns which are acceptable in American society. Knowledge and practice of specific cultural interference patterns would enable the learner to function adequately in two cultural contexts and, at the same time, to choose freely between behavioral alternatives. Cultural context in this case refers to learning the typical American culture patterns and includes such potential points of conflict as the expression of an inappropriate thought, the use of an inappropriate gesture, the choice of an inappropriate term, the practice of inappropriate behavior, or the manifestation of an inappropriate reaction. Space-time orientation is proposed as a new approach to the interpretation and teaching of cross-cultural differences in the classroom. It can be shown, for example, how this orientation varies among the American, the French, and the Hispanic cultures. It is vital in implementing such a program to avoid any attempt to rob students of their own culture patterns and replace them with one's own. Instead, the teacher introduces an additional set of patterns which the student can use while maintaining his identity and self-respect. Teachers trained for such an approach and materials designed for such a program are as yet rather scarce, and, thus, a drastic change in the contextual quality of ESL classes should not be anticipated for some time. (Author/HW)
Descriptors: American Culture, Cross Cultural Studies, Cross Cultural Training, Cultural Background, Cultural Context, Cultural Differences, Cultural Education, Cultural Influences, Cultural Interrelationships, Cultural Pluralism, Cultural Traits, Culture Conflict, Culture Contact, English (Second Language), Foreign Culture, Language Instruction, Middle Class Culture
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (7th, San Juan, P.R., May 11, 1973)