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ERIC Number: ED085925
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Psychological Evaluation of Preschool Children: Or Can Learning Disabilities be Evaluated in the Preschool Child Using the Stanford-Binet as a Screening Instrument.
Robbins, Pearl; Graf, Mercedes
Tested with the Stanford-Binet Scale of Intelligence were 70 children, aged 3- to 5-years with IQ's from 75 to 145, to determine whether the test could serve as a diagnostic tool for identifying learning disabilities (LD) in preschool children. It was hypothesized that LD children would have a basal age no more than two levels below chronological age; that LD children would show a test scatter ranging over at least four levels of the test; that LD children would have particular difficulty with items involving memory, concentration, visual motor, judgment, and reasoning skills; and that LD children would show behaviors indicative of hyperactivity, distractibility, short attention span, or impulsivity during the testing procedure. It was found that 20% of the children had basal scores at 2-years below age level, a figure in line with estimates of the incidence of LD children. Test scatter ranging over 4 levels was found for all the normal preschool children indicating test scatter is not of diagnostic value. In addition, no children failed on visual-motor items, and the 40% of the sample who failed on items of judgment, reasoning, memory, and concentration had social backgrounds which might account for the difficulty. Behavioral symptoms during testing did not distinguish the LD child from the immature or emotionally disturbed child. It was concluded that early predictive identification of LD children is not presently possible, and that a child with a potential learning disability should not be labeled or removed from the regular classroom. (DB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Stanford Binet Intelligence Scale