ERIC Number: ED085881
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Nov
Reference Count: 0
An Analysis of School Size Under a Voucher System. Occasional Papers in the Economics and Politics of Education.
First, the author discusses a major issue, that of school size within the context of the existing theory of scalar economies. He describes expenditures per student for the school as a function of the quality of educational services provided by the school and the number of students in the school. He reviews some studies that considered the impact of school size on various aspects of school quality -- where school quality is defined as some weighted combination of school outputs. The author finds school size to have negative or no impact on achievement test scores and negative effect on a selected set of affective outcomes. Examination of the data on difference in school size between public and private schools reveals that public schools may be too large to operate at the minimum level of expenditure required for a given level of quality. Another major issue discussed concerns the implications of the theory and evidence of school size for educational voucher plans. The author suggests that pressures of competition would encourage firms to operate within the range of optimal school size. Since the minimum efficient size of a school would be relatively small, he suggests that potential competition would also be a real force in the market. The essence of this discussion is that the smaller the size of each individual school in the market for educational services, the greater the number of schools, the extent of competition, and, hence, the efficiency with which educational services will be produced. (Author/JF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Stanford Univ., CA. School of Education.