ERIC Number: ED085807
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Argumentation in Contemporary Rhetoric: A Response to Haiman's "Farewell to Rational Discourse."
Grice, George L.; Schunk, John F.
In a 1968 address, Franklyn S. Haiman stated that public discourse at that time was marked by irrationality because of emphases on emotional appeals, disorganization, and aggressive or abusive style and language. He also cited "body rhetoric" (lawful protests or marches) and civil disobedience (illegal actions) as examples of irrational arguments. Haiman's statement on emotional appeals suggests a logic-emotion dichotomy, with reason and emotion at opposite ends of a continuum. However, logical argument and emotional appeal are, in fact, independent dimensions, and both must be considered for a comprehensive evaluation of argumentative proof. Organization, style, and language usage are not related to methods of reasoning or rationality, Also, body rhetoric or civil disobedience (forms of nonverbal communication) are necessarily limited in presentation of proof, but the arguments they support are not necessarily irrational in themselves. Rational arguments are those that have sound, logical support for their claims, regardless of the verbal or nonverbal methods of presentation. (RN)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Forensic Association (Albuquerque, November, 1973)