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ERIC Number: ED085673
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Nov
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Cultural Diversity--A Factor in Learning to Read.
DeStefano, Johanna S.
Mutual distrust and suspicion between individuals from differing cultures often influence behavior in the classroom to the point of blocking learning. This "culture clash" also exists for literacy learning in that, as a national goal, reading has been imposed on certain groups whose cultures are not literate and on groups who, although their cultures are literate, see reading in English as destructive to their culture. Cultures which have long oral traditions include the Black culture, various American Indian cultures, the Chicano culture, and the Puerto Rican culture. In these societies cultural information is largely passed by word of mouth. In an orally based culture reading has little place or may be seen as peripheral to the cultural reward system. To these cultures, school is often seen as the enculturating tool of the dominant society, and reading and literacy, as a major part of "mainstream" cultures, is seen as part of that enculturation. To help overcome the problem, teachers need to be aware of possible clashes in the classroom and examine in depth their own feelings and attitudes toward children who come from cultures other than their own. (HOD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the College Reading Assn. (17th, Silver Springs, Md. Nov. 1-3, 1973)