ERIC Number: ED085636
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Jan
Reference Count: 0
Performance Equals Ability and What?
Dunnette, Marvin D.
The results of several research studies designed to evaluate different theories of work motivation are presented. Graen (1967), through hiring 169 high school girls to do a clerical task, showed that ability measures can account for far more performance variance than motivation variables such as expectancy and instrumentality. Similar results were obtained in investigations by Arvey (1970) and Loehr (1970). In the most comprehensive investigation, Pritchard, Dunnette, and Jorgenson (1972) confirmed deductions from both Equity Theory and Expectancy Theory, but their results also showed that different conditions of work incentive may facilitate or disrupt the expression of ability differences in work performance. It is argued from results of these several studies that simpler measures rather than more complicated ones need to be investigated as psychologists continue to try to account for the non-ability part of human work performance. Less emphasis should be placed on 'motivation per se and more placed on learning about the dimensional makeup of the missing term in the equation: PERFORMANCE equals ABILITY plus WHAT? (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Naval Personnel Research and Development Lab., Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis. Center for the Study of Organizational Performance and Human Effectiveness.