ERIC Number: ED085626
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Reference Count: 0
A Study of the Achievement of our Nation's Students.
Mayeske, George W.; And Others
This study seeks to discover which aspects of a student's background, alone or in combination with the kind of school attended, play the greatest role in achievement. The paper presents results of a wide variety of analyses that explore different aspects of family background and the school as they relate to achievement of students of differing racial-ethnic and sex-group membership and geographical origin. The individual student is the primary unit of analysis. The principal finding is that, although factors of home and family greatly outweigh school factors in achievement, all the differences in achievement associated with racial-ethnic group membership can be accounted for by considerations that are social in nature and origin. The greatest role is played by a set of motivational factors that are closely related to child rearing practices. The most important are: (1) the expectations that both the student and his parents have for his school performance; (2) the extent to which families engage in activities that are supportive of these expectations; and (3) the student's understanding of the importance of hard work to success, as well as the possible benefits of an education. (Author/LP)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Child Rearing, Ethnic Groups, Family Characteristics, Family Life, National Surveys, Parent Aspiration, Parent Child Relationship, Racial Characteristics, Social Influences, Student Motivation
U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 (HC $2.85) Stock #1780-1055
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.