ERIC Number: ED085625
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Assessment of Cognitive Strategies and Cognitive Styles in Problem Solving and Learning. Final Report.
Marshall, Richard L.
This report presents research concerned with two information-processing constructs, "cognitive strategies" and "cognitive styles." Study one analyzes thinking-aloud protocols obtained from a female undergraduate doing anagram problems. Several major strategies are described, along with basic "Operators" subject used to construct and modify hypotheses. An information-processing model of the strategies is described, and its implementation as a computer-simulation discussed. Study two investigates cognitive styles in problem solving. Cognitive processes (strategies) used by 114 male undergraduates were retrieved through cluster analysis of self-reports from Strategy Assessment Questionnaires. The results suggest that "styles of processing" do not play a major role in problem solving, but rather that problem-solving processes are primarily task dependent adaptions. Study three describes the construction of several preliminary learning Strategy Assessment Scales based on specific college learning situations such as reading, lecture processing, and memorization. Subjects were 150 undergraduates. Conclusions are that: (a) cognitive strategies in a variety of learning and problem-solving situations can be reliably measured by psychometrically based scales; (b) a general procedure for constructing such scales can be outlined, and (c) the usefulness to education of such procedures can be discussed in terms of The Aptitude Treatment Interaction Paradigm. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Dept. of Psychology.