ERIC Number: ED085539
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973
Reference Count: 0
On Inheriting a Career: The Influence of Sex, Values, and Parents.
Goodale, James G.; Hall, Douglas T.
To test the hypothesis that two classes of variables (perceived parental influence and student work values) would mediate the relationship between parents' background and educational and occupational aspirations for high school students, a questionnaire was administered to 437 high school sophomores in a northeastern city. Analysis of the data revealed that two measures of parental influence (student perceptions of parents' interests in students' school work and parents' hopes that the student will attend college) did serve as mediators, while two other measures (active pressure and parental involvement) did not. It was also learned that work values did not operate as an intervening variable in the relationship between social origin and aspirations. The basic path for boys through which parental background was related to career aspirations, according to the study is: Parental Background--Parents' Interest--Parents' Hopes for College--Student's Own College Plans--Student's Planned Occupation. The path for girls was quite different. Girls perceive less parental support for their educational activities than do boys and they are more independent of their parents' socioeconomic background. An analysis of the students' work values are revealed differences which the authors comment upon. Statistical tables are included. (AG)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: N/A