ERIC Number: ED085512
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Dec-3
Reference Count: N/A
The Transition from High School to Work: The Work Attitudes and Early Occupational Experiences of Young Men. A Special Report from the Youth in Transition Project.
Johnston, Jerome; Bachman, Jerald G.
The report is based on a longitudinal study of a national sample of males in the high school class of 1969. They were followed from the beginning of 10th grade (1966) to one year after high school (1970). The most important determinants of unemployment among young men recently out of high school are family background and intelligence. High unemployment is associated with two groups: those with low intelligence who come from low status families and those with very high intelligence who come from high status families. For full-time workers in entry jobs: (1) the status of their job is determined by background, intelligence, and the availability of high status jobs in the area of employment; (2) wages are a function of the prevailing wage rate for unskilled workers. Full-time workers display a high level of job satisfaction. Variation is associated with job expectations prior to entry and with both monetary and non-monetary job benefits. Type of job (Census classification), satisfaction, and descriptions of job characteristics are all intercorrelated. There is a 12-page glossary. (Author)
Descriptors: Entry Workers, High School Students, Intelligence, Job Satisfaction, Males, Occupational Aspiration, Socioeconomic Status, Unemployment, Unskilled Workers, Wages, Work Attitudes, Young Adults, Youth Employment
National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Va. 22151; Institute for Social Research, P.O. Box 1248, Ann Arbor, Mich. 48106
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Office of Research and Development.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Survey Research Center.