ERIC Number: ED085451
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Busing: Ground Zero in School Desegregation. A Literature Review With Policy Recommendations.
Hunterton, C. Stanley; And Others
The contents of this document are organized in six sections. Section one, "Overview," discusses the parameters of the busing controversy. It indicates that the basic issue in the busing debate is racial desegregation in our nation's schools. Section two, "Busing in Perspective," examines the history, scope, and cost of busing; the law and busing; and, the attacks on busing as a symbol for racial desegregation. Section three, "Busing: What are the Objections," discusses six assumptions of busing against the background of four axioms of social change. Section four, "The Impact of Busing: The Child," discusses the question, "What does racial balance have to do with education?" It presents a discussion of the range of opinions on that question including an overview of the arguments of Jensen, Jencks, The Rand Report, the Fleischmann Report, the Weinburg Analysis, and the work of Kleindorfer, Levin, and Stout. Section five examines several "Alternatives to Busing." The discussion proceeds from the premise that the availability and suitability of alternatives depend on the importance assigned by the community to the objective of racial integration. Section six, an "Appendix," includes the memorandum from the Commission on Civil Rights to Congress relative to the anti-busing amendment, and the bibliography used by the staff in researching the topic. (Author/JM)
Descriptors: Bus Transportation, Desegregation Effects, Desegregation Methods, Educational Policy, Integration Studies, Law Enforcement, Literature Reviews, Policy Formation, Public Policy, Racial Attitudes, Racial Integration, School Desegregation, Social Change, Student Transportation, Transfer Programs
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Institute for Development of Educational Activities, Dayton, OH.
Authoring Institution: Syracuse Univ. Research Corp., NY. Policy Inst.