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ERIC Number: ED085266
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Pages: 195
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
A Study of the Use of Manipulative Materials as Multiple Embodiments for the Study of Numeration Systems by Prospective Elementary Teachers.
Skipper, Slade Welma
This study investigates effects of different instructional methods on positional numeration systems. It involved prospective elementary teachers and assessed (1) understanding, (2) performance, and (3) transference of numeration concepts. The effects were measured by the Test On Numeration Systems (TONS). During each of two semesters, three mathematics classes for elementary teachers were randomly selected and assigned to one of three treatment groups. These groups involved a total of 47, 53, and 45 subjects. Data from each part of the TONS pre- and posttest were analyzed by analysis of covariance, using the pre-test as the covariate. When significant differences were detected, pairwise differences were determined by the use of Scheffe's test. No significant differences were obtained for the first of the two replicate groups. Significant differences on all criterion measures for the second replicate group were obtained, but Scheffe's test did not detect any significant pairwise differences. From the data it may be concluded that prospective elementary teachers who were presented positional numeration systems through the lecture method performed as well as or better than those having instructional units utilizing the ideas of Dienes. (Author/JP)
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 73-21,485 Microfilm-$4.00, Xerography-$10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Missouri-Columbia