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ERIC Number: ED085194
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Pages: 231
Abstractor: N/A
Modality of Verbal Instructions for Problems and Transfer for a Science Hierarchy.
Nicholas, John Raymond
Reported is a study of the effect of aural versus verbal mode of presentation of tasks compared with respect to their effect on the degree of lateral transfer. Three tasks each requiring the derivation of a general rule describing a multiplicative relationship were selected. Pretesting on the final task and two transfer tasks using tasks presented in both visual and aural modes, assessment on the subordinate skills and posttesting on the final and transfer tasks constituted the technique used for the study. Ninety 12- and 13-year old subjects who failed to score at all on any of three pretest tasks were selected and assigned to 10 experimental conditions. Two groups had no further testing. Four groups were tested on the hierarchy skills using the aural modality for task presentation and four were tested using the same tasks but with visual modality. All were given the final and transfer tasks as posttests. Scores on the initial and retests showed that the attainment of simpler related skills resulted in the establishment of higher-order skills. The success on the transfer tasks was shown to depend on success on the final task but not on the modality of the transfer tasks nor on the modality of the tasks in the learning hierarchy. (Author/EB)
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 71-15,853 Microfilm-$4.00, Xerography-$10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley