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ERIC Number: ED085181
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Pages: 176
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Three Methods of Science Instruction Using Fifth Level Students in a Non-Graded Elementary School.
Marshall, Robert Bruce
Reported is a study to compare the effectiveness of three methods of instruction on science concept achievement, attitude toward science, and time to complete the unit of study. Self-directed independent study, self-directed group study and a combination of the two were used as methods of instruction for 52 students at the fifth grade level in a non-graded elementary school. Results obtained by using three standardized tests were used for selecting, on a matched basis, the top 24 pupils who were then randomly placed in one of three groups. Pretests (Achievement Test for Measuring Science Concepts - Form A, and an adapted form of the Perrodin Attitude Toward Science Instrument) were given. Posttests (forms of the two pretests and the Hedges and MacDougall Attitude Instrument) were administered. Data were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and the Mann-Whitney U-test. No significant differences were noted on the posttests between the groups though there were differences on the pretest between two of the three groups. All showed some positive change in attitude toward science. The self-directed independent study group completed the unit more rapidly. All groups indicated negative feelings toward studying as a total class, favoring independent study or group study. All requested some degree of teacher help. (Author/EB)
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 71-7659 Microfilm-$4.00, Xerography-$10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ed.D. Dissertation, The University of Tennessee