ERIC Number: ED085109
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Empathy, Role-Taking, Guilt, and Development of Altruistic Motives.
Hoffman, Martin L.
This paper presents the theory that altruistic motives develop out of the synthesis of empathic distress and the child's increasingly sophisticated cognitive development, especially his level of self-other differentiation. An examination of empathy and the sense of other is included, followed by a discussion of empathic distress, various forms of synpathetic distress, cognitive mediation, personal and existential guilt, and some hypotheses about socialization that derive from the theory. A review of research on object permanence in infants, role taking in early childhood, and identity in later childhood is also included. (SET)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Dept. of Psychology.