NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED085088
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Mar
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Father Absence in Infancy.
Pedersen, Frank A.; And Others
This document reports a study investigating the effects of father absence on measures of cognitive, social, and motivational development in infancy. The sample included 54 black infants, 27 of whom were classified "father-absent." This classification was based on two indices, (1) a dichotomy of father-absent or father-present based on mother's responses to questions, and (2) a rating scale describing amount of father-infant interaction. Sixteen measures of infant functioning were analyzed for the study. The analysis indicated that for female infants there were no relationships between father variables and infant behavioral variables. For males, the following dependent variables were significant: Bayley Mental Developmental Index scores, a cluster from the Bayley Scales measuring social responsiveness, another cluster measuring Secondary Circular Reaction, and exploratory behavior as assessed in situational tests. It is speculated that one of the father's functions in infancy may be to provide stimulation that augments the primary caregiver's by introducing a degree of novelty. No explanations for the sex differences could be formulated. It is concluded that the results are tentative, and much observational research is needed. (DP)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Bayley Scales of Infant Development