ERIC Number: ED084873
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Aug-1
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Prose Organization and Individual Differences on Free Recall.
James, Thomas G.; Brown, Bobby R.
Research investigated three topics. These were: 1) the effect of paragraph organization on free recall of sentences and on the selection of clustering strategies; 2) how persons differing in subjective organization differ on recall and strategy selection; and 3) the relation between subjective organization and other cognitive abilities. Three groups of students studied paragraphs organized by concept names (N), concept attributes (A) or at random (R); measures of verbal comprehension, verbal creativity, associative memory, closure, and subjective organization were taken. Analysis of results showed that the N group recalled the most correct statements, that clustering by names was predominant for all groups, and that unique correlation patterns existed among cognitive factors and recall scores for each group. These findings indicated that learning a highly organized passage and using a preferred recall strategy yielded superior recall. Analysis of the subjective organization data indicated that highly organized students were not greatly influenced by the inherent structure of learning materials, whereas low organizers were. Thus, students low in subjective organization require highly structured materials, while students high in subjective organization perform similarly on materials with high and low structure. (Author/PB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.
Authoring Institution: Florida State Univ., Tallahassee. Computer Applications Lab.