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ERIC Number: ED084866
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1973-Jun
Pages: 134
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Effect of Instructor Military Rank on Learning and Perception of Basic Airmen Taught Through the Medium of Television.
Calkins, Ronald R.
Research investigated whether cognitive learning scores and perceptual distortion measures of basic airmen would be influenced by instructor rank. Four groups of students, each composed of high, medium and low ability individuals, were created; each viewed a 20 minute television lesson on how to study. They differed only in that each was taught by a different instructor--a basic airman, a sergeant, an officer or a civilian. It was hypothesized that the sergeant would be most consistent with the students' expectations and that hence his group would experience the least cognitive dissonance, learn the most and exhibit the least perceptual distortion. Posttest results, however, showed no significant differences in either learning or distortion, and it was concluded that rank did not create differences in the televised instructional situation. Studies of other instructor variables, students, content, and instructional media were recommended. Investigations of whether the instructor's rank involves the student's ego, of the degree to which dissonance varies over the length of exposure to another person and with instructional media, and of whether or not dissonance occurs in situations like these where students are required to participate, were also suggested. (PB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Air Force Inst. of Tech., Wright-Patterson AFB, OH. School of Systems and Logistics.