ERIC Number: ED084732
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Audiological Assessment of Deaf-Blind Children.
Bernstein, Phyllis F.; Roeser, Ross J.
The audiological assessment of 50 deaf blind children, 6 months to 14 years of age, in an outpatient setting is described, as are testing procedures and results. Etiological factors are given which include maternal rubella (accounting for 27 children), meningitis, prematurity, neonatal anoxia, and Rh incompatability. Discussed are the following testing procedures: pure tone audiometry (which is not appropriate for children with minimal or no hearing and vision); play audiometry, such as dropping a block in a bucket, a procedure said to be useful for children above 2 years of age but to have limitations in an outpatient setting because extensive training sessions are required; conditioned orientation response audiometry, which was effective for 25 children who perceived the light stimulus; impedance audiometry, involving use of an electroacoustic bridge for obtaining data from both ears (22 of 24 children tested showed middle ear involvement); and behavior observation audiometry, for detection of overt responses such as startle reflexes or cessation of an activity in very young or otherwise untestable children. Some of the results indicated that 22% of the children had hearing sensitivity within the range of normal limits, but had problems other than blindness that precluded language and speech development; that two children were untestable; and that of 37 children with significant hearing loss, 62% were in the severe to profound range (10 were rubella children). (MC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Callier Center for Communication Disorders, Dallas, TX.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Speech and Hearing Association (San Francisco, Calif., November 18 through 21, 1972)