NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED084598
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1973-Nov
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Action, Interaction, and Transaction: Three Means of Viewing the Communication "World."
Eadie, William F.
Three philosophical perspectives on communication research are identified, described, and compared. First, communication of "action," a one-way approach, is a type of "cybernetic" theory of communication involving observation and experience in developing patterns of communication performance. It is simplistic, has a weak capacity for replication of certain situations, and has a limited ability for generalizing observations. The second perspective, "interaction," a "merger of self and other" with "a complete ability to anticipate, predict and behave with the joint needs of self and other," is advantageous since it allows communication theories to be tested in controlled and repeated situations. The third approach, "transaction," has been employed in at least four different contexts: (1) the philosophical view of the "complete communication system" (Dewey and Bentley); (2) the perception of persons and objects (Ittelson and Cantril); (3) the exchange of interpersonal goods and services (Bauer); and (4) the analysis of relationships in the psychotherapeutic situation (Berne). "Transaction" shows increased popularity, especially in various therapy treatments. (DS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (59th, New York City, November 8-11, 1973)