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ERIC Number: ED084587
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Essence of Negative Debating.
McCroskey, James C.
Speech Journal, v2 p17-23 1967
In intercollegiate debate, negative debaters must be prepared with a variety of approaches to differing affirmative cases and must adapt to particular affirmative cases they meet. Successful negative debaters cannot determine their strategy until the presentation of the first affirmative speech or, in cross-examination debates, until after questioning the first affirmative speaker. Because of the somewhat mistaken predilection of most judges, however, negative teams must attack both the need for the affirmative plan and the plan itself. That is, even if the need for the affirmative plan is refuted, negative debaters should go on to refute the affirmative plan as well. Persuasiveness, language, style, delivery, and other aspects of oral expression influence judges, but, for negative teams, the need and the plan must be attacked for victorious presentations. (CH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southern Connecticut State Coll., New Haven. Dept. of Speech.