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ERIC Number: ED084574
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1972
Pages: 6
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Listening: The Second Speaker.
Erway, Ella Anderson
Speech Journal, v10 p22-27 1972
Scholars agree that listening is an active rather than a passive process. The listening which makes people achieve higher scores on current listening tests is "second speaker" listening or active participation in the encoding of the message. Most of the instructional suggestions in listening curriculum guides are based on this concept. In terms of a communication model, instead of a process in which one member of a system passively decodes the message while the other encodes, "second speaker" listening refers to both members encoding the same message at the same time. Thus, the process of effective listening has been properly called decoding. Becoming the "second speaker" requires background information about the subject listened to, motivation to listen, and organizational skill. A direct approach to teaching decoding has not yet been developed, although instruction in several dimensions of decoding has proved helpful. Improvement in listening instruction requires innovative strategies and rigorous research for results. Until these developments occur, listening will continue as a neglected area of the communication curriculum. (EE)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southern Connecticut State Coll., New Haven. Dept. of Speech.